The Superior Electoral Court is the public entity responsible for the management of the National Civil Identification (ICN) that also has the mission of issuing the Digital Identity of all Brazilians. The goal is to individualize the identified citizens with security and facility in their public and particular relations. The Digital Identity will substitute any other document which information is in the data base of the Electoral Justice.
Also known as National Identity Document (DNI) – according to the Law n. 13.444/2017, that created the ICN program -, the Digital Identity will be composed by personal data (name and surname, gender, civil status, skin color, date of birth, nationality, occupation) e by biometric data, with the register of fingerprints from the ten fingers, the face and the signature of individuals.
The document will also have security verification devices that ordinary documents don’t have, like a QR code. At first, the DNI will be issued only on the digital platform (for tablets and smartphones), but, soon, their number will be incorporated to identity documents issued by states. The DNI will have an internal and individual identification number for each citizen that will have nine digits and will also exhibit the number of other documents, like the social security number.
The auxiliary judge from the Presidency of TSE, Ricardo Fioreze, explains that the Digital Identity will grant more security to the citizens, because there will be a guarantee that nobody will be able to pretend being someone else. “That will avoid, per example, social welfare and bank frauds, seeing that any public or private institution will be able to check the biometric data, that is unique in each individual”, sais.
Besides the issue of DNI, the ICN program also intends to allow the verification of the INSS (social welfare) data, beginning on second semester of 2019. The idea is for this project to happen simoutaniously with the issue of the Digital Identity.
TSE will be responsible for managing the data base and issuing the Digital Identity or certifying other organs for doing the expedition of the document. The Court has expertise and infrastructure capable of collecting the biometrics of all citizens. Besides the register, TSE will be responsible for storage and possible sharing of that information with other organs.
Currently, about 90 million people have already had their biometric data collected by the Electoral Justice all over the country. Besides having a more trustworthy document in cause of the many technological resources, the citizens will be benefited from the de-bureaucracy of routines. This is because the DNI will be valid in all national territory and will reunite information from many documents.
The biometric register of the population has been made in two fronts: by TSE and by migration of biometric data from other organs, such as the state institutes of identification, that use the same system for collecting fingerprints.
“The ICN program has the mission of registering not only all the voters, but also all Brazilians. The idea is for the register to already exist from the moment of birth”, underlines the assessor of the TSE Presidency, Rogério Galloro.