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History of the electoral justice

Concerned about the seriousness of the electoral process, President Wenceslau Brás sanctioned Law No. 3139 in 1916, which entrusted the electoral enrollment to the Judicial Power. Many believe that the Judiciary's role of main executioner of the electoral laws was the starting point of the creation of the Electoral Justice, which came into existence in 1932.

The Revolution of 1930 had as one of its principles the moralization of the electoral system. One of the first acts of the provisional Government was the creation of a commission to reform the electoral legislation, which resulted in the first Brazilian Electoral Code.

The Electoral Code of 1932 created the Electoral Justice, which became responsible for the whole electoral process: enrollment, organization of the voting boards, vote count, acknowledgement and proclamation of the elects. Moreover, it regulated the federal, state and municipal elections in the entire country.