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The elections in Brazil are held every two years on the first sunday of October. If there’s the second round, will occur on the last sunday of October.
Are carried out together the federal elections and the state elections, for president and vice president, senator and alternates, governor and vice governor, federal deputies and state deputies. Two years later, will be municipal elections, of mayor and vice mayor and city councils. Note that the distinguishing criterion is by federal level and not by powers – the representatives from the executive and legislative are elected at the same time.
In case of elections for president and vice president, governor and vice governor, senator and alternates and mayor and vice mayor, the system used is the majoritary, in which the most voted candidate will be elected. If none of candidates for president, governor or mayor from a municipality over 200,000 habitants reach the absolute majority of the valid votes, will be convened the second round with the two most voted.
Now for the city council elections and state deputy and federal deputy, the criterion is proportional, which considers not only the candidate votes, but also his party’s votes. Hence, not always the best voted candidate will be elected. The filling of vacancies will depend on the performance of the whole group of candidates of the party or alliance.