On Tuesday (18th), the President of the Superior Electoral Court (TSE), Justice Rosa Weber, spoke up for the electronic voting machine (EVM) reliability. Justice Weber highlighted that the equipment has been being used for 22 years now and no fraud has been proved so far: “people are free to express their own opinions. Although, when this opinion is disconnected from reality, we have to look for real data. For me, the Electronic Voting Machines are absolutely reliable”.
Justice Weber, who is also Justice to the Supreme Federal Court, expressed herself about the subject in order to answer questions asked by journalists before the First Pannel Court judging session. Furthermore, she stressed that the electronic voting system employed by the Electoral Justice is susceptible to continuous society´s checking and monitoring. She emphasized: “The EVMs are auditable. The most important to be reinforced is the fact they are auditable”.
The Electoral Law grants the political party and multiple institutions the possibility of inspecting the electronic voting system. Nevertheless, as affirmed by Justice Rosa, those who have this prerogative usually don’t show up to the auditing events promoted by the Electoral Justice. “We offer the possibility for audits in general. No one goes there to watch it. It seems to me there is trust in the process”, she said.
The President of the TSE recalled the audit request of electoral systems, included of the electronic voting machine, for the 2014 Presidential Elections. The request was made by the Party of Brazilian Social Democracy (Partido da Social Democracia Brasileira - PSDB): “There was distrust. The party who didn´t win the elections requested it and the TSE made all the data available. After a year, the Party recognized that nothing went wrong”, affirmed.
The electronic voting machines were used for the first time in the 1996 Municipal Elections. At the time, the first computerized election reached 32 million Brazilians, amount equivalent to one third of the electorate of that period.
Brazil was a pioneer in using technology and eliminating human interference on the electoral process, from collecting to summing votes. The EVM is a genuinely Brazilian creation, developed by the Electoral Justice, as well as the programs of vote processing.
The last five Presidential elections and six Municipal elections occurred with the equipment deployment. Long before the election, TSE begins developing of what is called “Electronic Voting Machine´s ecosystem”, which is a set of softwares that allows supporting and automating the activities and processes related to the Electronic Voting Machine, from the media handling to the result ascertainment, and that operates as a unit interacting with the equipments surroundings.