After accompanying the general elections in Paraguay on Sunday (22), the TSE Justice Admar Gonzaga spoke about the positive impressions that he had on the entire process. In the election dispute, gubernatorial candidate Mario Abdo Benítez was elected President of the Republic and is going to serve a five-year term.
One of the points highlighted by the justice was the concern and the effort made by the neighboring country in order to include young people in the electoral process, which could be seen by the great presence of these voters on the day of the voting. Although voting is not mandatory in that country, there was more than 60% of voter turnout in general.
In addition, the Electoral Court, which organizes the elections, makes a kind of simulated vote for children so as to help them understand how the democratic voting process occurs. "Children receive the material in order to prepare for the vote and others act as voters. I found it very interesting and I like to see the enthusiasm of the children while preparing everything," the justice said, highlighting the country's concern to make" a civic movement from an early age. "
Another point that the justice highlighted as a positive experience was the attention given to the so-called "disabled". They are people with varying degrees of disability, in wheelchairs, with severe atrophies or pulmonary restriction, for example, who are unable to travel to the polling place. Thus, the Electoral Court goes to their homes so that they can exercise their right to vote.
Justice Admar Gonzaga participated as a guest-observer of the Misión de Observación Electoral Internacional - Elecciones Generales Y Departamentales 2018. In addition to the president of the Republic, the Paraguayan voter's elected senators, deputies, representatives of Mercosur, governors, and members of the so-called Parliamentary Boards.
In addition to Brazil, other countries also participated as guests: Argentina, Bolivia, Costa Rica, Peru, Dominican Republic, Guatemala, Chile, Nicaragua, Puerto Rico, Uruguay, El Salvador, Ecuador, Mexico, Panama and Colombia.
The observers met with candidates from the main parties, who exposed their platforms, their concerns, and also answered questions from the participants. In the program, there was also a meeting with the magistrates responsible for organizing the elections and with political scientists who made a historical analysis of the elections in Paraguay.
Regarding the voting system, the justice noted that, in the eyes of Brazilians, who have been voting electronically for more than 20 years, manual voting is like "going back in time."
"They still use that old system of ballots and lists that have the photograph of all the candidates. The material is folded and delivered to the voter, who goes to the voting booth to mark the list of his preference and then deposits it in plastic bags," the justice said.
According to Admar Gonzaga, the apparent precariousness of the manual voting system is compensated by the commitment of the agents who work in the electoral process."Oddly enough, other countries that do not use electronic equipment, like us, have even found the system interesting. They do the shipment of this bulletin with a scanner, using a normal cell phone line," the justice said, noting that, in Brazil, this transfer of votes is done in a totally electronic way.
"Our system is more evolved and with no possibility of human intervention," he emphasized.
CM / LR, DM