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Carlos Horbach participou de missão de observação no primeiro turno do pleito que elegerá o novo presidente do país sul-americano

First shift of the Colombian elections occurred in a pacific, organized and quick way, said the TSE justice

Justice Carlos Horbach, of the Superior Electoral Court (TSE), accompanied the Colombian elections as an observer. The election dispute took 20 million voters to the first shift and had a great importance for the country since it was the first presidential election after the peace treaty between the government and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC). The definition of the dispute will be held on June 17, between candidates Iván Duque, which obtained 7,569,693 votes (39.14%), and Gustavo Petro, which acquired 4,851,254 votes (25.08%).

By an invitation from the Inter-American Union of Electoral Organizations (Uniore), the judge began to follow the schedule of the observation mission two days before the election dispute, 25th and 26th of May, and in the voting day, 27th. In order to know the functioning of the electoral process, 17 groups with around 5 academics and representatives of electoral organizations from Latin America accompanied the elections in electoral sections located in different places. The team of which justice Carlos Horbach was a part of, was tasked with observing the presidential election in the municipality of Chía, in the Cundinamarca Department. There, they visited six voting places.

According to Horbach, which participated for the first time in an election observation mission for the TSE, the Colombian elections gave a “good impression”. He said that the election dispute occurred in a pacific and organized way and, with the counting of votes; it was also fast and dynamic. “The elections ended at 4 p.m., and at 5h30 p.m. it was already possible to know who would go to the second shift,” he said. “The process of the canvas is simple, the polling table receives the votes, and the poll workers do the canvas afterward. When the voting process is over, the polling table becomes a canvas table,” he explained.  

The justice highlighted the importance of these missions as a way to exchange information that results in the improvement of electoral institutions in nations that belong to the American continent. Throughout the years, the TSE has been invited to participate in election observation missions in many countries. These groups have the role of providing impartial and exact assistance of the electoral processes’ nature. By means of these impressions, it is guaranteed the good progress and transparency of the election disputes, beyond its constant improvement. In the end, the report is usually elaborated and delivered to the organization of the mission, which is responsible for forwarding to the country the evaluations and suggestions.

Colombia is a sovereign country located in the northeast region of South America.  According to the Political Constitution of 1991, the nation is organized as a unitary and decentralized national republic, with the autonomy of its own territorial and democratic entities.