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The Superior Electoral Court's building.

South American delegation gets to know Brazil's Electoral Justice

Judiciary authorities from Chile, Peru and Uruguay went on a tour on September 9 to find out more about how Brazil's Electoral Justice and voting system operate. Representatives from Brazil's Superior Electoral Court (TSE) made a presentation on the provisions of Brazilian electoral law, how political positions are divided, the evolution of the vote and the security of electronic voting systems. At the end of the meeting, a test ballot box was demonstrated to the participants, who got to run a mock election.

The delegation's visit to the TSE is part of the Joaquim Nabuco Exchange Program of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court (STF). The aim of the program is to disseminate information about Brazil's Judiciary Power and all its instances to visiting judges and justice system employees. The aim is to help expand areas for judicial cooperation, strengthen the Mercosur and promote legal security in the region.

The Deputy Chief Justice of the Constitutional Court of Peru, Manuel Jesus Miranda Canales, praised the advanced infrastructure of the Brazilian electoral system. He recalled that an electronic voting system was tested in a Peruvian city in past presidential elections. “We realized that the system here is quite advanced. Firstly, because everything is electronic, which is not the case in Peru. For example, in Peru we vote with paper ballots, documents, in which we mark the candidates of our choice with a pen. On the other hand, we heard that the Electoral Justice is part of the Judiciary Power," said the judge, noting that in Peru the electoral process is in the hands of an autonomous constitutional body.

Danilo Orlando Baéz Reys, judge of the 5th Criminal Court of Chile, reported a positive impression of the functioning of the Electoral Justice. According to him, Chile could benefit from the adoption of the electronic voting machine, as the country is geographically extensive and has a number of rural areas which face problems voting. “We got to know a much more modern, agile system that allows you to reach people in a faster, more reliable manner and with more trustworthy results. No Latin American country has this kind of system, and thus we need to get to know it and gradually adapt to these more efficient technology models," he commented.

Participants

The meeting was attended by eight judiciary authorities from Latin America countries. From Chile came judges Danilo Orlando and Margarita Elena, Esperanza Valentina (second officer of the Court of Appeals) and Jorge Osvaldo, administrator of the 3rd Family Court of Santiago.  Peru was represented by Deputy Chief Justice of the Peruvian Constitutional Court, Manuel Jesus, and the Court's secretary-general Oscar Zapata. Judges Alejandro Martinez and Isaura Tórtora came representing the Uruguayan Justice System. They were welcomed by the director-general of the TSE, Leda Bandeira, the secretary general of the Court, Carlos Adamek, assistant judge to the President Márcio Boscaro, the head of the TSE International Office, Tarcísio Costa, and the Court's Secretary of Information Technology, Giuseppe Janino.