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The Electronic Voting Machine History
In 1985, there was an implementation of a computerized election database by the Superior Electoral Court, while the electronic voting machine as conceived today was only developed in 1995 and first used in municipal elections the following year. But it was in 1989, in Brusque (SC), where Judge Carlos Prudencio held the first voting experience with micro-computers.
In preparing the project of electronic voting machines in 1995, the TSE has formed a technical committee led by researchers at the National Institute for Space Research (INPE) and the Aerospace Technical Center (CTA) in São José dos Campos, which defined a specification of functional requirements.
The first name of the electronic voting machine was "collector of electronic votes" (CEV). The machine had the purpose of identifying alternatives to automate the voting process and define the measures necessary for its implementation, starting from the 1996 elections in over 50 municipalities.
The equipment, responsible for 100% of the automation of the elections, was then released in Brazil in 1996 and today serves as a model for many other countries that have tested the ability of the machine for the implementation of their electoral processes.
In March 2009, the TSE received a technology award for the contribution in the development of electronic voting machines. The award was the result of a partnership between the University of São Paulo (USP), the George Washington University and the Business Software Alliance (BSA). The BSA is an organization that brings together institutions and companies in the area of information technology and promotes the event to highlight ideas that are unprecedented in the world.